Data security is a process which encompasses a wide range of technologies and business practices. The goal is to guard private customer and employee information against cyberattacks, data breaches or other exposure risks. This covers everything from comprehensive policy frameworks to a thorough sanitization practices and cybersecurity software.

The best defense against hackers is to encrypt sensitive data. This prevents unauthorized access by requiring the right key to unlock it. It’s an essential part of all security strategies and is a requirement of many compliance standards.

Data security also depends on redundancy and backups. A backup physically stored at another location could reduce the possibility of losing data in the event of a natural disaster.

Data minimization is a crucial aspect. The more information you have the more hackers are able to target you.

It is essential to know where your data is at all at all times. This is particularly important in industries that are regulated, such as healthcare and credit card processing. Compliance with regulations of the government like HIPAA and the GDPR is a must. Data management tools, which let you view all your data in one location, and robust auditing capabilities are crucial.